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Legal Information/ Legal Briefs

Legal Briefs

Until 2010, these legal briefs provide examples of judgments pertaining to everyday situations. Beginning in 2012, they deal with various topics of general interest, such as rental issues, family law, human rights, civil liability, insurance, dealings between spouses and social aid. They are intended to inform and to prevent undesirable situations.


Legal Briefs 2009

Legal brief
As a result of my automobile accident, I no longer have any income This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.


For two years, the claimant had held employment with a mining drilling company. He worked on call when the company required him to work. For more than six months, he had been working on a cycle of 28 consecutive days on the company’s job site, followed by 14 consecutive days of more

I filed a lawsuit in Small Claims Court This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You filed a lawsuit in the Small Claims Court. You were told that you could not be represented in Small Claims Court by a lawyer, yet the other party is represented by a lawyer who is an employee of the company. Can a lawyer represent his employer in Small Claims Court? more
Do my actions give rise to criminal liability? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
When a person commits an act that has the effect of damaging property, the person will not always be criminally liable as a result, even if the act, on its surface, is wilful.


The accused was separated from her husband who had a new spouse. At nightfall, she wen more

I am being held in custody at my parent’s house This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Your youngster has been arrested following serious charges and the court is of the opinion that, for the public’s protection, he should be held in custody in a reception centre. Can he be placed in the care of a responsible person? more
Am I dangerous due to my mental state? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Ambulance attendants came to my house and took me to the hospital although I refused to go. Upon my arrival, the doctors refused to let me leave and they decided to keep me there even though I was firmly opposed to being hospitalized. Can I be kept in the hospital against my will? more
My child was injured in the park This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Your child is injured while playing in a municipal park. Can the municipality be held responsible? more
Do I have to repay my social assistance payments? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
As a recipient of individual social assistance, can you act as a sponsor for your partner or your children so they might immigrate to Quebec? more
I was fired following a strike This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You’ve been working in the public service for a number of years. Your union wins a strike vote and several days later, the strike begins. Your employer then fires you for having participated in an illegal strike. Are your union and your union representative responsible for your dismissal?


Three employees work for a transportation company as bus drivers. On April 25, 1995 their union wins a strike vote, and on May 8, the strike begins. Several hours later however, the union orders its members to return to work because the union representative has become aware that the advance written notice required to declare a strike in the public service was not duly submitted. As a result, the strike is declared illegal. The employer dismisses those employees who participated in the work stoppage, including the three claimants. The three decide to prosecute the union as well as the union leader, alleging that they became involved in an illegal strike as a result of their error. The employees sue their union leader as well as the union for lost salary, and moral injury as well as for compensation for abuse of rights and damage to their reputation.


Are the union and its representative at fault for failing to provide prior written notice of a strike? If yes, are the union manager and the union representative equally responsible?
Have the three employees proved the case for the claimed damages as well as the causal relationship between the error and the claimed damages?


The claim is allowed in part.


The union leader admitted that he forgot to send advance written notice of the strike to the employer, when he knew he was required to do so. The tribunal came to the conclusion that this constitutes an error involving his personal responsibility. According to the Quebec Civil Code, the union is responsible for the errors of its representatives, and is therefore obliged to make amends for any resulting damages. As for the damages claimed, however, the tribunal states that the employees were required to minimise their claim according to the recognized principle of responsibility. The tribunal considers that they failed in this obligation because on July 6, 1995, they refused a general settlement offer from their employer, which would have permitted a return to work. The tribunal therefore determines that the period of loss of salary was seven weeks, that is, from May 8 (the strike date) to July 6 (the date the employer’s offer was rejected). The tribunal awards $2,000 to each employee for moral injury. The tribunal rejects the claim for abuse of rights and damage to reputation because he concludes that the claimants only provided information about the facts in the context of defending the action brought against them. The union and the union leader are mutually responsible for the payment of these amounts.fering and inconvenience, since she is more prone to headaches and now must take medication.

ReferencesBoileau v. Travailleurs et travailleuses unis de l’alimentation et du commerce (T.U.A.C.), section locale 50, C.S. (Montréal), 500-05-048672-990, July 4, 2001, Judge : Claude Champagne (J.E. 2001-1410).
Labour Code, (L.R.Q. c. C-27), Art.111.0.23.
Civil Code of Québec, (L.Q. 1991, c. 64), Art.1457, 1463 et 1479

Legal brief *
June  2009
Number  12
Text prepared by   Le jugement dont il est question dans cette chronique a été rendu en fonction des éléments de preuves soumis au tribunal. Chaque situation est particulière. Dans le doute, nous vous suggérons de consulter un avocat de l’aide juridique. / The jugement discussed in this article was rendered based on the evidence submitted to the court. Each situation is unique. If in doubt, we suggest you consult a legal aid lawyer.
Update by   Commission des services juridiques
* The information set out in this document is not a legal interpretation.
The masculine is used to designate persons solely in order to simplify the text.
I was injured while playing golf This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
While taking part in a golf tournament you were hit in the forehead by a golf ball as you were getting ready to make your tee shot on the 11th hole. Can the golfer whose ball hit you be required to compensate you for the damages you suffered? more
My coat is missing This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
After you have been seated at a restaurant, the waiter asks you to check your coat. At the end of the evening, your coat is missing. Can you make a claim against the restaurant for the value of your coat? more
My vehicle has been damaged This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You leave your automobile with a garage owner for repairs. Your car is damaged while in the garage’s parking area. Is the garage owner responsible for the damages to your car? more
My neighbour is harassing me This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Your relationship with your neighbour is tense. You think that he is harassing you and overstepping his property rights. What are the limits with respect to property rights? more
I've been badly injured This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You go to a snow slide and rafting centre with your children. During a run, you are badly injured. Is the sliding centre responsible? more
My home has hidden defects This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You purchase a house. After you move in, you realize that it has major defects. Can you cancel the purchase? more
Am I responsible for my partner's debt?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Your partner dies while engaged in a contract of suretyship (endorser). As the universal legatee (heir), are you responsible for your partner’s debt? more
My child has been injured This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
When leaving school one day, your five-year-old is injured by ice falling from the roof of a building. The building is adjacent to the only road leading to the school; the school has access to the road by virtue of a servitude granted to the School Board. Who is responsible for the damages in thi more
© Commission des services juridiques Création: Diane Laurin - 2017