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Legal Information/ Legal Briefs

Legal Briefs

Until 2010, these legal briefs provide examples of judgments pertaining to everyday situations. Beginning in 2012, they deal with various topics of general interest, such as rental issues, family law, human rights, civil liability, insurance, dealings between spouses and social aid. They are intended to inform and to prevent undesirable situations.


 


Legal Briefs 2009

  Month
Number
Legal brief
December
 19
As a result of my automobile accident, I no longer have any income This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.

THE FACTS

For two years, the claimant had held employment with a mining drilling company. He worked on call when the company required him to work. For more than six months, he had been working on a cycle of 28 consecutive days on the company’s job site, followed by 14 consecutive days of more

November
 18
I filed a lawsuit in Small Claims Court This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You filed a lawsuit in the Small Claims Court. You were told that you could not be represented in Small Claims Court by a lawyer, yet the other party is represented by a lawyer who is an employee of the company. Can a lawyer represent his employer in Small Claims Court? more
November
 17
Do my actions give rise to criminal liability? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
When a person commits an act that has the effect of damaging property, the person will not always be criminally liable as a result, even if the act, on its surface, is wilful.

THE FACTS

The accused was separated from her husband who had a new spouse. At nightfall, she wen more

October
 16
I am being held in custody at my parent’s house This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Your youngster has been arrested following serious charges and the court is of the opinion that, for the public’s protection, he should be held in custody in a reception centre. Can he be placed in the care of a responsible person?

THE FACTS

On March 5, 2005, in the waiting area of the bus terminal of the Société de transport de Laval, a young teenager, together with five friends, speaks with an adult about a possible marijuana transaction. The group moves outside. A few minutes later, the adult goes back into the terminal area. He has a head wound and has been stabbed in the chest.
Unfortunately, the victim dies an hour after the incident. When the group is arrested, a knife is found on one of the youths. He is charged with murder.
During the hearing on the release from custody, the court concludes that custody is necessary. The court takes into account the protection of the public and the need not to undermine the public’s confidence in the administration of justice. The adolescent is to remain in custody while awaiting trial.
Thereafter, the court checks whether the adolescent can be placed in the care of a responsible person, in this case, his parents. This procedure is designed to avoid having youths held in custody in a reception centre.
After having heard several witnesses, the court concludes that it will be impossible for the youth’s parents to control his comings and goings, notwithstanding their desire to do so. The adolescent has not always abided by the curfews imposed by his parents and his parents really don’t know much about his comings and goings. Furthermore, during the hearing, the court learns that the adolescent sometimes uses marijuana.

THE ISSUE

What is the interpretation of section 31 of the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA)?

THE DECISION

The Court of Appeal upholds the judgment at first instance and the adolescent remains in custody in a reception centre while awaiting trial.

THE GROUNDS

If a judge, once he has completed the hearing on the release from custody, concludes that the adolescent must be placed in custody, the court MUST analyze the possibility of placing the adolescent in the care of a responsible person.
The court confirmed that, following this analysis, the selection of the person is at the discretion of the court which must consider the nature and circumstances of the offence. Furthermore, the court must examine the accused person’s profile, occupation, life style and family environment or equivalent. The court emphasized the ability of the responsible persons to control the adolescent’s actions.
When the court allows an adolescent to be placed in the care of a responsible person, the latter undertakes to have the adolescent comply with all the conditions imposed by the court. The person signing the undertaking must notify the authorities of any breach of the conditions imposed. The adolescent must also sign the undertaking which sets out each of the conditions. Only in such a situation, where the adolescent has been placed in the care of a responsible person, such as his parents, will he be held in custody… at home.


References
M.J. v. R., Court of Appeal (C.A.) Montréal 500-08-000247-058, July 19, 2005, judges Morissette, Hilton and Côté (www.jugements.qc.ca)Youth Criminal Justice Act, (S.C. 2002, c.1), s. 31



Legal brief *
October  2009
Number  16
Text prepared by   Le jugement dont il est question dans cette chronique a été rendu en fonction des éléments de preuves soumis au tribunal. Chaque situation est particulière. Dans le doute, nous vous suggérons de consulter un avocat de l’aide juridique. / The jugement discussed in this article was rendered based on the evidence submitted to the court. Each situation is unique. If in doubt, we suggest you consult a legal aid lawyer.
Update by   Commission des services juridiques
* The information set out in this document is not a legal interpretation.
The masculine is used to designate persons solely in order to simplify the text.
October
 15
Am I dangerous due to my mental state? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Ambulance attendants came to my house and took me to the hospital although I refused to go. Upon my arrival, the doctors refused to let me leave and they decided to keep me there even though I was firmly opposed to being hospitalized. Can I be kept in the hospital against my will? more
September
 14
My child was injured in the park This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Your child is injured while playing in a municipal park. Can the municipality be held responsible? more
September
 13
Do I have to repay my social assistance payments? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
As a recipient of individual social assistance, can you act as a sponsor for your partner or your children so they might immigrate to Quebec? more
June
 12
I was fired following a strike This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You’ve been working in the public service for a number of years. Your union wins a strike vote and several days later, the strike begins. Your employer then fires you for having participated in an illegal strike. Are your union and your union representative responsible for your dismissal? more
June
 11
I was injured while playing golf This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
While taking part in a golf tournament you were hit in the forehead by a golf ball as you were getting ready to make your tee shot on the 11th hole. Can the golfer whose ball hit you be required to compensate you for the damages you suffered? more
May
 10
My coat is missing This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
After you have been seated at a restaurant, the waiter asks you to check your coat. At the end of the evening, your coat is missing. Can you make a claim against the restaurant for the value of your coat? more
May
 09
My vehicle has been damaged This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You leave your automobile with a garage owner for repairs. Your car is damaged while in the garage’s parking area. Is the garage owner responsible for the damages to your car? more
April
 08
My neighbour is harassing me This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Your relationship with your neighbour is tense. You think that he is harassing you and overstepping his property rights. What are the limits with respect to property rights? more
April
 07
I've been badly injured This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You go to a snow slide and rafting centre with your children. During a run, you are badly injured. Is the sliding centre responsible? more
March
 06
My home has hidden defects This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You purchase a house. After you move in, you realize that it has major defects. Can you cancel the purchase? more
March
 05
Am I responsible for my partner's debt?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Your partner dies while engaged in a contract of suretyship (endorser). As the universal legatee (heir), are you responsible for your partner’s debt? more
Febrary
 04
My child has been injured This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
When leaving school one day, your five-year-old is injured by ice falling from the roof of a building. The building is adjacent to the only road leading to the school; the school has access to the road by virtue of a servitude granted to the School Board. Who is responsible for the damages in thi more
 
© Commission des services juridiques Création: Diane Laurin - 2017