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Legal Information/ Legal Briefs

Legal Briefs

Until 2010, these legal briefs provide examples of judgments pertaining to everyday situations. Beginning in 2012, they deal with various topics of general interest, such as rental issues, family law, human rights, civil liability, insurance, dealings between spouses and social aid. They are intended to inform and to prevent undesirable situations.


 


Legal Briefs 2010

  Month
Number
Legal brief
November
 18
Can I serve my sentence in the community? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.

THE FACTS

After a night of partying during which the accused consumed some alcohol, the accused, an 18-year-old, decided to drive his friends home. He only had seven weeks of experience as a licensed driver and knew that his vehicle was not in good condition. According to the evidence, he dr
more
November
 17
Should you prepare a mandate in the event of incapacity? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
With our aging population and increasing life span, there is, unfortunately, a very real possibility that we will suffer an illness or accident. Should you prepare a mandate in the event of incapacity? more
October
 16
Do I have the right to see my grandchildren?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
I would like to see my grandchildren, but the mother of the children is against it. What are my recourses as a grandparent? more
October
 15
Am I entitled to a disability pensionThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
I have had serious health problems for years and I’m not 60 years old yet. I am unable to work. Am I entitled to a disability pension? more
September
 14
I want to have my father's will annulledThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Your father informs you that you are one of the legatees named in his will as an heir. Shortly before his death, he changes his will and bequeaths all his property to someone else. Can you have this will, which you believe is unfair, annulled? more
September
 13
I have to resiliate my lease due to my loss of autonony This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
I have lost my autonomy and I have a medical document confirming that I have to move into premises adapted to my needs. What should I do? more
June
 12
My right to privacy has been violatedThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.

THE FACTS

While helping lift an obese patient from her chair, a worker felt a fierce burning sensation and shooting pain in her back, on the left side, and experienced difficulty lifting her left arm. In May 2005 she was diagnosed with a cervicodorsal sprain which was consolidated in Nove more

June
 11
My property has been seizedThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
As a result of unpaid debts, can a creditor seize all the moveable property in a residence? more
May
 10
A court has ordered that I be placed in a detoxification centre This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
In principle, every person is free to accept or refuse to submit to health care. Exceptionally, a hospital centre may go to court to compel an unfit person to receive treatment despite the person’s categorical refusal, that is, against the person’s will. When dealing with treatment against a person’ more
May
 09
A police officer has asked my child for his version of the facts This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
A youngster has been arrested and the police officer has asked him for his version of the facts. What are his rights? more
April
 08
I am not dangerous: When will my confinement in an institution end? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
An individual suffering from mental illness may be placed in confinement in a health care institution if he presents a danger to himself or to others due to his mental state. However, if the individual in question opposes the confinement, a court authorization is required. In order to obtain such an more
April
 07
My youngster is guilty of roberyThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
An offender is convicted of robbery. What is the best judicial decision for this youngster? more
March
 06
For how long can I be obliged to remain in a residential facility? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
What is the maximum duration of a residential placement order forcing a person to live in a residential facility? more
March
 05
I refuse to let my child have a blood transfusion This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Can parents refuse to let a doctor give a blood transfusion to their minor child on religious grounds? more
February
 04
Is my confinement in an institution necessary? Am I dangerous? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
In matters of confinement in an institution, judges are called upon to decide on a person’s dangerousness to himself or to others due to his mental state. Dangerousness is the only criterion on which a court must base itself in order to confine an individual in a hospital against his will. How do ju more
Februay
 03
I lost my job due to family obligations This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You leave your job to go to Guinea to stay with your father who is seriously ill. In the meantime, you learn that he has died and you go to his funeral in Guinea, where you take care of your mother who is also seriously ill. Upon your return, you are refused employment insurance benefits on the grou more
January
 02
Can wearing tinted eye glasses at night reduce vision quality? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.

THE FACTS

On May 24, 2007, at approximately 9:42 p.m., an individual was driving his automobile on an unlit road while wearing black-tinted eye glasses. A police officer followed him for a while and stopped him. The individual claimed that his glasses made him look “cool”. The police officer ticketed him for an offence, on the ground that he had committed an act that could endanger human safety.

THE ISSUE

Does wearing tinted eye glasses late in the evening on an unlit road constitute an action that can endanger human safety?

THE DECISION

The defendant was convicted under section 327 of the Highway Safety Code. He was required to pay a fine of $300 plus costs, the whole within a period of six months.

THE GROUNDS

The prosecution argued that the police officer had passed both the subjective test and the objective test: by trying on the glasses himself, the police officer had been able to assess the degree of perception and the quality of visibility. The defence submitted that this was a situation in which the assessment had been purely and solely subjective. The defendant had been driving properly, without any flaws. One must consider that vision capacity or quality varies from one individual to another; the defendant testified to the effect that there had been no decrease in the quality of his vision. When the police officer stopped the defendant, he asked him for his papers and his tinted glasses. The police officer then tested out driving on the same road, first while wearing the tinted glasses and then removing them in order to see the difference. The road was located in a rural zone and was a two-way road with pedestrians and cyclists present. The police officer testified that he was certain that with the glasses on, given that they made things darker, his reflexes had been reduced and less rapid. The Court drew a parallel with section 265 of the Highway Safety Code. The provincial legislature has established standards for the windshield and other windows of a motor vehicle to ensure the driver’s visibility (section 265 of the Highway Safety Code). Section 266 of the Highway Safety Code states that no person may coat the windshield or the front side windows of a road vehicle or cause them to be coated with a substance having the effect of reducing or preventing good visibility from inside or outside the vehicle. Section 61 of the Regulation respecting safety standards for road vehicles made under the Highway Safety Code states: “If the windshield has lost transparency, the loss shall not exceed 10% of the total surface and it shall not be in the area covered by the wipers.” Section 64 is also relevant: “No material which darkens glass shall be affixed to or sprayed on the windshield of a road vehicle. However, a strip no more than 15 cm in width may be affixed to the upper part of the windshield.” By drawing a parallel between the above-mentioned prohibition and the wearing of tinted eye glasses, one can conclude that visibility is necessarily reduced by the use of tinted eye glasses late in the evening or at night, because it cannot be contested that tinted eye glasses cloud visibility during that time of the day.
References
Laval (Ville de) v. Provençal, Municipal Court (C.M.) Laval, 0210095298, May 12, 2009, Judge Yves Fournier

Highway Safety Code, (R.S.Q., c. C-24.2), sections 265 and 266;

Regulation respecting safety standards for road vehicles, (R.R.Q. 1981, c. C-24.2, r. 1.03), sections 61 and 64.



Legal brief *
January  2010
Number  02
Text prepared by   Le jugement dont il est question dans cette chronique a été rendu en fonction des éléments de preuves soumis au tribunal. Chaque situation est particulière. Dans le doute, nous vous suggérons de consulter un avocat de l’aide juridique. / The jugement discussed in this article was rendered based on the evidence submitted to the court. Each situation is unique. If in doubt, we suggest you consult a legal aid lawyer.
Update by   Commission des services juridiques
* The information set out in this document is not a legal interpretation.
The masculine is used to designate persons solely in order to simplify the text.
January
 01
I live in a dwelling in low-rental housing and am frequently away from home This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You live in a dwelling in low-rental housing and are often away from home in order to visit your family and friends. Can the lessor ask for the resiliation of the lease due to the unoccupancy of the dwelling? more
 
© Commission des services juridiques Création: Diane Laurin - 2017