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Legal Information/ Legal Briefs

Legal Briefs

Until 2010, these legal briefs provide examples of judgments pertaining to everyday situations. Beginning in 2012, they deal with various topics of general interest, such as rental issues, family law, human rights, civil liability, insurance, dealings between spouses and social aid. They are intended to inform and to prevent undesirable situations.


Legal Briefs 2012

Legal brief
I've just received proceeding from my ex-Demystifying the notice of presentationThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Paul receives an Application for divorce and a Motion for provisional measures from his ex-wife, which contains the following Notice of presentation at the end:

TAKE NOTICE that the present motion will be presented for a ruling at a hearing before
Help! I signed something ... and now I regret it!This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You’ve just purchased goods from an itinerant merchant (often referred to as a travelling salesman) who interrupted you at home while you were watching your favourite TV show. You regret making the purchase and would like to cancel it. You should know that, under the Consumer Protection Act,< more
He wants to sponsor his cuban princessThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
The Facts

Jean-Claude, a youthful and divorced 60-year-old retiree, is fascinated by Cuban culture, particularly its performing artists. During his first trip to Cuba, three years ago, he met his soul mate, Maria, an outstanding dancer who was 25 years old and sing
Employment insurance and quitting: Are they incompatible?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Employment insurance legislation stipulates that a person cannot receive benefits if they are without a job due to their misconduct or if they voluntarily leave their job without just cause.

If you quit your job, you may still be able to receive benefits if you can prove that, under the circu
The role of the child's lawyerThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
For a number of years, children have had the right to be represented by a lawyer in youth protection hearings involving them before the Court of Québec, Youth Division.

A lawyer who represents a child in these circumstances cannot simply do as he pleases. There are three situations to conside
The importance of having a willThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Having a will is important, because without one, it is the Civil Code of Québec that will determine who receives your property. You can read about the rules for the transmission of property when someone dies without a will on the Justice Québec website, in the section entitled “Successions”.< more
Can non-custodial parents decide to travel abroad on their own with their child?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
X had been living in Québec for three years, having immigrated after being sponsored by his wife, Y, who had been living and working in Québec for 10 years. The couple separated and the mother initiated divorce proceedings. The judgment on provisional measures awarded custody of the child to the mother. The father, who was alone in Québec and missed his family, planned a trip to his country of origin that summer, before starting university in September.

He wanted to bring his daughter, who was now 20 months old, with him. Unfortunately, the mother refused to sign the authorization allowing him to travel with their daughter and also refused to sign the application for a Canadian passport for the child. The father filed a motion before the Superior Court seeking an authorization to travel.

In order to prove to the court his desire to return to Québec at the end of his trip, during the trial the father produced his lease, which he had renewed, as well as confirmation that he would be receiving loans and bursaries as of September. The mother admitted that she knew her ex-husband’s parents and the house where he would be staying with the child during the vacation. However, she pointed out that the region to which he would be travelling raised safety concerns for the child. In order to prove this fact, she filed a document regarding her ex-husband’s country of origin, drawn from the website of the department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada.1 This site, which deals with the safety of people travelling to various countries, identified the destination as a country in which travellers should “exercise a high degree of caution.” Furthermore, the country was not one of the signatories of the Hague Convention on Protection of Children and Co-operation in respect of Intercountry Adoptions, an agreement signed by various countries in order to facilitate the return of children who are not brought back to Canada after a trip to the signatory country.

Was it in the child’s interest to travel to this country that summer? The court ruled that the mother’s refusal was not unreasonable. The father did not have real ties with Québec—he had no job there, no property and no family. The child was too young to appreciate or remember the trip. The father had never paid support for the child; the court decided that, for the time being, it would be preferable for the father to see to the child’s basic needs before taking her with him on a trip.

Courts must ensure the protection of children. Therefore, in this case, the court dismissed the father’s motion, because it was not in the child’s interest to take a trip which did not provide sufficient guarantees that the child would be returned to Canada.

1 http : www.voyage.gc.ca/countries_pays/menu-eng.asp

Legal brief *
September  2012
Number  08
Text prepared by   Me Angela Todaro,avocate au bureau d’aide juridique Maisonneuve-Mercier à Montréal
* The information set out in this document is not a legal interpretation.
The masculine is used to designate persons solely in order to simplify the text.
Young persons: Arrest and the right to a lawyerThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Like all citizens, young persons between the ages of 12 and 17 who are arrested or held in custody by the police in connection with an offence have the right to be informed of the reasons for their arrest, their right to remain silent and their right to obtain immediate assistance from a lawyer, and more
Can the DYP place my child for a long time?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
The Youth Protection Act (YPA) requires the Director of Youth Protection (DYP) to carry out an investigation when a credible report is made that a child has been abandoned, neglected or psychologically, sexually or physically abused, or if a child has serious behavioural problems that the par more
You have received a notice of rent increase: what should you do?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
A notice of rent increase must not be an indirect means to evict a tenant. You have the right to remain in your premises and have your lease renewed automatically.

When a lease is being renewed, the landlord can modify the amount of the rent. In a twelve-month lease, the landlord must give a
I just found out that I am not my child's fatherThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Mario and Joanie have been living together for several years and have a child together. The birth certificate of the child, whose name is Vincent, indicates Mario and Joanie as his parents. The couple separates when Vincent is seven years old. Despite the separation, Mario continues to take care of more
Deprivation of parental authority and adoptionThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
The Civil Code of Québec confirms that fathers and mothers have the rights and duties of custody, supervision and education of their children; this is a core natural principle.

This parental authority allows parents to look after their children by exercising these rights and duties, wh
Can my spouse adopt my childThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
The reality of today’s families and the fact that many parents will be part of more than one couple during their lifetime is not without its repercussions on their children. These children will have several parental figures during their childhood. Family law lawyers have noted a new upsurge in the n more
© Commission des services juridiques Création: Diane Laurin - 2017