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Legal Information/ Legal Briefs

Legal Briefs

Until 2010, these legal briefs provide examples of judgments pertaining to everyday situations. Beginning in 2012, they deal with various topics of general interest, such as rental issues, family law, human rights, civil liability, insurance, dealings between spouses and social aid. They are intended to inform and to prevent undesirable situations.


 


Legal Briefs 2016

  Month
Number
Legal brief
December
 08
HAS - Homologation assistance service for agreements This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
The HAS is intended for parties who wish, for whatever reason, to modify arrangements pertaining to child custody or access rights or to support involving a child or a child and a former spouse. Only people who have previously obtained a judgment with respect to child custody or support who agree on more
October/Nov
 07
SARPA – Service administratif de rajustement des pensions alimentaires pour enfants [Child support recalculation service] This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
The Service administratif de rajustement des pensions alimentaires pour enfants (SARPA) [child support recalculation service] is a purely administrative service. Where support for a minor child has already been determined by a court judgment, parents can use the SARPA to obtain the recalculation of more
August/Sept
 06
There's a bailiff at my door! This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Jérôme Blais, a former musician, is 66 years old and is still working. He lives in an apartment in a village and has a car that he uses to get to work, since there is no public transport where he lives. His furniture is old and the only thing of value in his possession, in addition to his car, is an more
June/July
 05
Can my landlord have access to my dwelling This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
The answer is yes, but there are rules that must be followed under the Civil Code of Québec.* The law states that the landlord has the right to check the condition of the leased property, to carry out work in it and to have it visited by a potential tenant or purchaser. However, the landlord must exercise his right in a reasonable manner.

A landlord can access a tenant’s dwelling in the following cases:

(1) to show it to a future tenant (the law does not require a notice period);(2) to check its condition (upon 24 hours’ notice);(3) to carry out work in the dwelling (upon 24 hours’ notice); or(4) to show it to a potential purchaser (upon 24 hours’ notice).

Show the dwelling to a potential tenant

If you have told your landlord that you will not be renewing your lease, he is entitled to show your dwelling to potential tenants. The landlord should get your permission before entering your dwelling. The law does not state how much of a notice the landlord must give you; in addition, he can notify you verbally. Visits must take place between 9 a.m. and 9 p.m. You can refuse access to your dwelling if the landlord or his representative is not present during the visit.

In the three other cases

If the landlord wants to carry out work in the dwelling, check its condition or show it to a potential purchaser, he must give you 24 hours’ notice. In an emergency, the landlord does not need to give a prior notice.

When the landlord has to perform work in the dwelling, you cannot refuse access. However, you can refuse access to the landlord before 7 a.m. and after 7 p.m., unless there is urgent work to be done.

Visiting hours to check the condition of the dwelling or to show it to a potential purchaser of the building are from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m.

Locks

The law states that the consent of the other party is required in order to change the locks or install a padlock or other device that restricts access to the dwelling.

Consult a lawyer

If your landlord does not respect these rules or if you believe he is abusing his right to visit the dwelling, don’t hesitate to contact a legal aid lawyer!



* The relevant articles of the Civil Code of Québec are articles 1857 and 1930 to 1934.


Legal brief *
June/July  2016
Number  05
Text prepared by   Me Erika Aliova,avocate au bureau d’aide juridique Sud-Ouest à Montréal
 
* The information set out in this document is not a legal interpretation.
The masculine is used to designate persons solely in order to simplify the text.
May
 04
Recipients of last resort financial assistance and stays outside Québec This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
In order to be eligible for financial assistance, an adult must reside in Québec within the meaning of the Individual and Family Assistance Regulation.

Major amendments to this regulation came into force on May 1, 2015. The purpose of one of these amendments was to tighten the conditio
more
April
 03
Protecting yourself when making online purchases This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Given the many advantages of online shopping, it can be a quick and practical way to make purchases. It allows you to search for the item you need, compare what is available, select the product you want and purchase it, all from the comfort of home. However, it can also expose you to fraud. It is th more
February/March
 02
Child benefits and agreements between parents: is this a good idea? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
How many times has a judge heard an accused person defend himself against a charge of theft by simply alleging, without providing specific details, that he didn’t really want to steal the object in question, but only borrow it from the legitimate owner with the intention of eventually returning it? more
January
 01
When borrowing becomes stealing... This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
How many times has a judge heard an accused person defend himself against a charge of theft by simply alleging, without providing specific details, that he didn’t really want to steal the object in question, but only borrow it from the legitimate owner with the intention of eventually returning it? more
 
© Commission des services juridiques Création: Diane Laurin - 2017