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Legal Information/ Legal Briefs

Legal Briefs

Until 2010, these legal briefs provide examples of judgments pertaining to everyday situations. Beginning in 2012, they deal with various topics of general interest, such as rental issues, family law, human rights, civil liability, insurance, dealings between spouses and social aid. They are intended to inform and to prevent undesirable situations.


 


Legal Briefs 2017

  Month
Number
Legal brief
August-September
 06
What is a quarrelsome litigant?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Jeanne is the mother of a three-year-old girl, Amélie. She decides to consult a legal aid lawyer in order to get a judgment granting her custody of her minor child and fixing rights of access for the father, given that he exercises his rights of access very sporadically. 


George, the
more
June-July
 05
Are childcare expenses taken into consideration in determining financial eligibility for legal aid? This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Isabelle, a victim of abuse who has one child, is accused of murdering her former spouse. Isabelle works as a nurse’s aide in a hospital at an annual salary of $27,000. She does not own any real estate and has no savings. However, she has to pay $1,250 in annual childcare expenses for more
April-May
 04
Youth Criminal Justice Act and Extrajudicial Sanctions This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Ethan, who is 12 years old, is visiting his cousins with his parents. While his parents are playing cards with his uncles and aunts, Ethan takes the opportunity to play various games in the basement with his two cousins, Sam and William, who are 6 and 8 years old, respectively. After more
March
 03
Georges owns a house and has money in his bank account. Is he financially eligible for legal aid?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
George is married to Theresa and they have four minor children. George works as a part-time employee for a transportation company. Theresa is a teacher and also works part-time. They have a combined annual gross income of $35,000. George and Theresa own their family residence, which has a value of $ more
February
 02
« You can't search me! » really ?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Contrary to what many people believe, in certain circumstances, school staff can search a student or his personal belongings (such as his knapsack or locker). There are two main reasons for this. First, a school has the obligation and responsibility to protect the students who attend the school, so more
January
 01
Am I liable for my pet This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
In principle, yes. In Québec, it is the Civil Code that deals with harm caused by a pet’s actions. The article of the Civil Code is very clear to that effect and the rules for pet owners are strict.


Whether the situation involves an injury, such as a bite, or other damage caused to a person, another animal or an object, the pet owner is required to repair the injury or damage, regardless of whether the pet was under his custody or someone else’s custody or whether the pet had strayed or escaped.(1)


The owner or the person who has custody of the pet is deemed to be liable for the damage suffered by the victim, without the victim having to prove a fault. To avoid liability, the pet owner must prove superior force, the fault of the victim or the fault of another person. For example, the pet owner will have to prove that the victim provoked the pet or did not take the necessary precautions.


Furthermore, there need not be physical contact between the victim and the pet. If the victim suffers harm caused by the pet’s actions, this is enough to allow the victim to institute proceedings against the pet owner.


If your pet has injured someone or if you have been bitten by an animal, consult a legal aid lawyer to find out your rights.


(1) Art. 1466 C.c.Q.


Legal brief *
January  2017
Number  01
Text prepared by   Me Erika Aliova, avocate au bureau d’aide juridique Sud-Ouest à Montréal / Lawyer at the Montreal Sud-Ouest legal aid office
 
* The information set out in this document is not a legal interpretation.
The masculine is used to designate persons solely in order to simplify the text.
 
© Commission des services juridiques Création: Diane Laurin - 2017