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Legal Information/ Legal Briefs

Legal Briefs

Until 2010, these legal briefs provide examples of judgments pertaining to everyday situations. Beginning in 2012, they deal with various topics of general interest, such as rental issues, family law, human rights, civil liability, insurance, dealings between spouses and social aid. They are intended to inform and to prevent undesirable situations.


Legal Briefs 2018

Legal brief
Brief overview of the legalization of cannabisThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
On October 17, 2018, Canada legalized cannabis. However, it would be wrong to think that, from now on, anything goes. On the contrary, various laws and regulations govern cannabis, and a person who steps outside of the legal framework could be charged with a criminal offence or receive a statement o more
Should I worry about a seizure if I am recipient of last resort assistance?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Jasmin has just lost a case before the Régie du logement. He now owes his landlord $3,000. The landlord has told him he will seize everything he owns, which worries Jasmin, who is a recipient of last resort assistance.

First and foremost, Jasmin should know that the right resulting from a jud
I just found out that I am not my child's fatherThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Mario and Joanie (fictional names) have been living together for several years and have a child together. The act of birth of the child, whose name is Vincent, indicates Mario and Joanie as his parents. The couple separates when Vincent is seven years old. Despite the separation, Mario continues to more
August - September
Réal lives in the Îles-de-la-Madeleine and wants know whether he is financially eligible for legal aidThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Réal has been living in the Îles-de-la-Madeleine for close to 10 years and wants to get custody of his son Michel, who is 10 years old and lives with him.

Real has a yearly gross income of $32,050. He has $5,000 in the bank. 

He wonders whether he is financially eligible for legal
What is bullying?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Bullying, also known as intimidation, is repeated behaviour that is intended to cause fear, intimidation, humiliation, distress or other forms of harm to another person’s body, feelings, self-esteem, reputation or property: Bullying can be direct or indirect and can take place by physical, verbal or more
Voluntary Disclosure ProgramThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Perhaps you didn't fulfil all your obligations under the tax laws. For example, perhaps you failed to declare some income over the past few years. The voluntary disclosure program may allow you to rectify your tax situation.1

If your application more
Voluntary depositThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
If you are having trouble paying your bills and your creditors are losing patience, voluntary deposit may be an interesting solution for you. It may allow you to avoid bankruptcy.

Voluntary deposit is dealt with in articles 664 and following of the Code of Civil Procedure of Québec.1&nbs
Am I obliged to identify myself at the request of a police officer?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
As a general rule, despite the existence of a moral and social duty on the part of every citizen to answer questions from a police officer and assist the police,1a person does not have the obligation to disclose their identity to a police officer. However, it is important to realize that more
Acknowledgements of debtThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
In January 2015, Alex lends Rose, his co-lessee, an amount of $3,000 to help her buy a used car. “I’ll pay you back very soon,” she promises. No document is signed. Time passes and Rose seems to have forgotten her debt. 

In June 2016, Rose, who no longer has a car, is about to move out i
Can I object to a notice of assessment?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
You’ve just received a notice of assessment or determination from the government indicating that you owe a significant amount of money. You are completely flabbergasted, because there is no way you owe that much. In fact, you provided all the required documents. There must be a mistake! The following morning, over a coffee, you discuss this with your work colleagues and one of them tells you that your “goose is cooked” because “a notice of assessment is always deemed to be valid.” Does this mean there is nothing you can do and you have no choice but to pay up? 

Absolutely not! Rest assured that it is generally possible to object to a decision rendered by a tax authority. However, it is true that a notice of assessment from the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) or Revenu Québec (RQ) is deemed to be valid.This means that you must prove, on a balance of probabilities, that the agency is wrong.

You usually have 90 daysafter the sending of the notice of assessment within which to object. It is possible to extend this time limit to one yearunder certain conditions, in particular, if you can prove that it was impossible for you to act. Be careful, though, because once the period of one year has elapsed, it is no longer possible to object to the assessment. 

You can use objection form T400A4 if the notice of assessment or determination originates from the CRA or form MR-93.1.1-V5 to object to a decision rendered by RQ. You can also send a letter to the Chief of Appeals of your federal tax centre or to the RQ offices. You must explain in detail why you disagree with the assessment and provide all relevant documents in support of your position. 

There is no fee for filing an objection. Furthermore, in most cases, the measures for collecting the contested amount will be put on hold during the objection process. If you are unhappy with the decision rendered following your objection, you can file an appeal before the Tax Court of Canada or the Court of Québec. 

Additional information is available here: 

  • https://www.revenuquebec.ca/en/online-services/forms-and publications/current?details/in-308/
  •  https://www.canada.ca/en/revenue-agency/services/forms?publications/publications/p148.html

You can file an objection yourself or ask a lawyer to represent you. If you think you may be eligible for legal aid, don’t hesitate to make an appointment at the legal aid office nearest your home.

Section 152(8) of the Income Tax Act, RSC 1985, c 1 (hereinafter the “ITA”) and section 1014 of the Taxation Act, CQLR c I-3 (hereinafter the “TA”). 
2 Section 165(1) ITA and section 93.1.1 of the Tax Administration Act, RSQ c A-6.002 (hereinafter the “TAA”). 
3 Section 166.1 ITA and section 93.1.3 TAA. 
4 https://www.canada.ca/en/revenue-agency/services/forms-publications/forms/t400a.html
5 https://www.revenuquebec.ca/en/online-services/forms-and-publications/current-details/mr-9311/

Legal brief *
January  2018
Number  01
Text prepared by   Me Mylène Légaré
* The information set out in this document is not a legal interpretation.
The masculine is used to designate persons solely in order to simplify the text.
© Commission des services juridiques Création: Diane Laurin - 2017