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Legal Information/ Legal Briefs

Legal Briefs

Until 2010, these legal briefs provide examples of judgments pertaining to everyday situations. Beginning in 2012, they deal with various topics of general interest, such as rental issues, family law, human rights, civil liability, insurance, dealings between spouses and social aid. They are intended to inform and to prevent undesirable situations.


Legal Briefs 2022

Legal brief
Protection Orders: A Tool for Protecting Victims of Spousal Abuse During a SeparationThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Are you experiencing emotional abuse or excessive control from your partner and fear their reaction if you leave them? more
Applying for a Canadian Passport for a Child — What if One Parent Cannot be Located?This hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Sarah has sole custody of her daughter Rosalie, who is 8 years old. At the time of their separation, Rosalie’s parents had gone before the Superior Court to obtain a judgment granting Sarah custody of Rosalie, and the father had been granted access rights.

Rosalie has not seen her father for
Breaking and enteringThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Remy and his friends decide to meet in an old dilapidated building to party. They climb the fence, rip off the plywood covering the door and party into the wee hours of the morning. 

The next day, Remy and his friends are awakened by the police who had been alerted by the neighb
Protection orders in civil mattersThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
Since January 1, 2016, individuals whose life, health or safety is threatened have had access to a tool to protect them—a tool that is still not well known or understood: the protection order. This tool is even more relevant in the current context where there is a growing social awareness of the imp more
Abuse of Vulnerable PersonsThis hypelink opens a PDF file in a new window.
With the aging of our population, the abuse of elderly and vulnerable individuals is undoubtedly an extremely important societal issue. It is essential that safety nets be put in place in order to prevent abuse and to be able to identify who the victims might be so as to intervene in order to protect them.

In Québec, the Act to combat maltreatment of seniors and other persons of full age in vulnerable situations came into force on May 30, 2017.

The purpose of this Act is to combat the abuse of persons in vulnerable situations, among other things by imposing the obligation on every institution within the meaning of the Act respecting health services and social services to adopt and implement a policy to combat abuse of these individuals, and by "establishing an intervention process with respect to maltreatment of seniors and other persons of full age in vulnerable situations".

The purpose of the policy is, in particular:
  • to establish measures to prevent and combat maltreatment of such persons, and
  •  to support them in any steps taken to end it.

The Act requires certain persons to report abuse immediately.

They must do so if they have reasonable grounds to believe that a person "is a victim of a single or repeated act, or a lack of appropriate action, that seriously undermines the physical or psychological integrity of the person".

This obligation "even applies to persons bound by professional secrecy, except lawyers and notaries who receive information about such a case in the exercise of their profession".

The Act provides that a report of a situation of abuse will be handled confidentially.

A person who, in good faith, reports abuse is protected from reprisals and legal proceedings.

Institutions must make their policy known to users, including those who receive in-home services, and their close family members.

The Act also allows the government to require any other body or resource it designates to adopt a policy that complies with the terms of the Act.

It is the responsibility of the institution’s local service quality and complaints commissioner to handle complaints and reports made under the policy adopted by the institution.

For more information about the Act to combat maltreatment of seniors and other persons of full age in vulnerable situations, don’t hesitate to contact the legal aid office nearest you.


Don’t hesitate to have your eligibility for legal aid evaluated by making an appointment at a legal aid office near you.

To find the contact information for your legal aid office, please visit our website at www.csj.qc.ca.

Legal brief *
January  2022
Number  1
Text prepared by   Me Annie Desrosiers-BAJ Roberval
* The information set out in this document is not a legal interpretation.
The masculine is used to designate persons solely in order to simplify the text.
© Commission des services juridiques Création: Diane Laurin - 2017